World Down Syndrome Day 2024, Date, History and Significance [Current Affairs]

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World Down Syndrome Day 2024, Date

Every year, World Down Syndrome Day is observed on March 21. In 2024, it falls on Thursday, March 21. Down Syndrome is a condition that can affect a person physically and mentally. It makes communication and social interactions challenging. In Down Syndrome, a person has an extra chromosome which affects how their body and brain develop.

Some common signs of Down Syndrome are a distinct facial appearance, intellectual disability, and developmental delays. Treatment options include speech therapy, physical exercise, and special education. The average life expectancy of a person with Down Syndrome is around 60 years.

World Down Syndrome Day, History

In 2012, the United Nations officially announced that World Down Syndrome Day would be celebrated on March 21 every year. The date was chosen because it represents the 21st chromosome that causes Down Syndrome.

The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births worldwide. Each year, approximately 3,000 to 5,000 children are born with this chromosome disorder. The quality of life of people with Down syndrome can be improved by meeting their health care needs, including regular check-ups with health professionals to monitor mental and physical condition and to provide timely intervention be it physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, counselling or special education. Individuals with Down syndrome can achieve optimal quality of life through parental care and support, medical guidance, and community based support systems such as inclusive education at all levels. This facilitates their participation in mainstream society and the fulfillment of their personal potential.

World Down Syndrome Day 2024, Significance

This day aims to raise awareness about the rights, inclusion, and well-being of people with Down Syndrome. It emphasizes the need for support from families and friends to help them feel included.

World Down Syndrome Day challenges stereotypes and stigma surrounding this condition. It also celebrates the achievements and contributions of people with Down Syndrome in promoting their independence and cause.

The day encourages unity in diversity and embracing the beauty of individuality. It calls for creating an environment where people with Down Syndrome can thrive and reach their full potential.

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